Ohio Paycheck Calculator

Calculate your take-home pay per paycheck for salary and hourly jobs after federal & Ohio taxes

Updated for 2024 tax year on Apr 24, 2024

What was updated? 2024 federal/state/local income taxes, FICA, state payroll tax, federal/state standard deduction & state exemptions

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Paycheck calculator for Ohio

Overview of Ohio

Being one of the most populous US states, the Buckeye State has a population of over 11 million (2019). It has the third-largest manufacturing sector and second-largest automobile production in the United States. The median household income is $54,021 (2017).

Brief summary:

  • the income tax rate ranges from 0% to 3.99%
  • no state-level payroll tax
  • has state-level exemptions
Ohio United States

Understanding your Ohio paycheck

Every worker anticipates payday, but only some understand the deductions that come with it. Knowing how your paycheck works are crucial to ensure accurate deductions and tax contributions if you’re working inOhio.

Your paycheck begins with your gross earnings, from which several deductions are made. First, your employer withholds federal income taxes, determined by your income, filing status, and tax bracket. Next, your earnings are subject to Social Security (6.2%) and Medicare (1.45%). The FICA tax rate totals 7.65% of your income.

An additional 0.9% Medicare tax is for individuals earning over $200,000. If you’re self-employed, you must pay the employee and employer portions of FICA, totaling 15.3% of your income. You may claim a deduction for half of your self-employment tax during your income tax return.

Form W-4, the Employee’s Withholding Certificate, is vital to your paycheck. It determines your withholding allowances, directly affecting your federal income tax deductions. It’s crucial to update your W-4 when you experience significant life changes, like marriage or having a child. Additionally, pay frequency – weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly – can influence your take-home pay, as deductions are calculated based on the pay period.

Your marital status affects your tax bracket, impacting your federal income tax withholding. You can further reduce your taxable income with pre-tax deductions, such as 401k and HSA contributions.

Ohio’s income tax is progressive. Meaning the rate varies depending on your income level. There is no state payroll tax.

Ohio does not have a state standard deduction but offers personal exemptions. These exemptions help reduce your taxable income, lowering the state income tax you owe. Exemption amounts depend on your filing status and age, with additional exemptions available for taxpayers who are blind or have qualifying dependents.

Lastly, your paycheck may include post-tax deductions, such as wage garnishments, charitable donations, or after-tax contributions to retirement accounts. These deductions do not impact your taxable income, as they are taken out after taxes have been withheld.

Calculate your Ohio paycheck

Calculating your Ohio state income tax is similar to the steps we listed on our main paycheck calculator page:

  1. Determine your gross income
    • Annual salary
      Annual salary = Gross income
    • Hourly wage
      Hourly wage × Hours worked per day × Days worked per week × Weeks worked per year = Your weekly paycheck
  2. Work out your total federal income tax
    1. Gross income adjusted
      Gross income − Pre-tax deductions = Gross income adjusted
    2. Federal taxable income
      Gross income adjusted − Federal standard/itemized deductions = Federal taxable income
    3. Federal income tax liability
      Federal taxable income × Federal income tax rate = Federal income tax liability
    4. Federal payroll tax liability
      Gross income adjusted × Federal payroll tax rate = Federal payroll tax liability
  3. Calculate your total Ohio state income tax
    1. State taxable income
      Gross income adjusted − (State itemized deductions + State exemptions) = State taxable income
    2. State income tax liability
      State taxable income × State income tax rate = State income tax liability
  4. Figure out your net pay
    You need to account for any other deductions such as health insurance, 401(k) contribution, as well as additional withholdings.
    Gross income − (Total income tax liability + Total payroll tax liability + Total pre-tax deductions + Total post-tax deductions + Total withholdings) = Your net pay
  5. Divide your net pay by your pay frequency
    • Daily
      Your net pay / Days worked per week / Weeks worked per year = Your daily paycheck
    • Weekly
      Your net pay / 52 = Your weekly paycheck
    • Bi-weekly
      Your net pay / 26 = Your bi-weekly paycheck
    • Semi-monthly
      Your net pay / 24 = Your semi-monthly paycheck
    • Monthly
      Your net pay / 12 = Your monthly paycheck
    • Quarterly
      Your net pay / 4 = Your quarterly paycheck
    • Semi-annual
      Your net pay / 2 = Your semi-annual paycheck
    • Annual
      Your net pay = Your annual paycheck

State payroll tax

There is no state-level payroll tax.

State income tax brackets

Tax year Filing status Taxable income Rate
2024 Single
Married, Filing Jointly or Widow(er)
Married, Filing Separately
Head of Household
$0 - $26,050 0%
$26,050 - $100,000 2.75%
$100,000+ 3.5%
2023 Single
Married, Filing Jointly or Widow(er)
Married, Filing Separately
Head of Household
$0 - $26,050 0%
$26,050 - $100,000 2.75%
$100,000 - $115,300 3.688%
$115,300+ 3.75%
2022 Single
Married, Filing Jointly or Widow(er)
Married, Filing Separately
Head of Household
$0 - $26,050 0%
$26,050 - $46,100 2.765%
$46,100 - $92,150 3.326%
$92,150 - $115,300 3.688%
$115,300+ 3.990%
2021 Single
Married, Filing Jointly or Widow(er)
Married, Filing Separately
Head of Household
$0 – $25,000 0%
$25,000 – $44,250 2.765%
$44,250 – $88,450 3.226%
$88,450 – $110,650 3.688%
$110,650+ 3.99%
2020 Single
Married, Filing Jointly or Widow(er)
Married, Filing Separately
Head of Household
$0 – $22,150 0%
$22,150 – $44,250 2.85%
$44,250 – $88,450 3.326%
$88,450 – $110,650 3.802%
$110,650 – $221,300 4.413%
$221,300+ 4.797%

Local income tax

Based on gross income.

Tax year City Rate
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
Columbus 2.5%

State standard deduction

There is no state-level standard deductions.

State exemptions

There are state-level exemptions for all types of filers and dependents. Refer to Tax Foundation for more details.

Tax year Filing status Personal exemption amount
2024
2023
2022
2021
Single
Married, Filing Separately
Head of Household
$2,400
Married, Filing Jointly or Widow(er) $4,800
Dependent(s) $2,400
2020 Single
Married, Filing Separately
Head of Household
$2,350
Married, Filing Jointly or Widow(er) $4,700
Dependent(s) $2,350

FAQs

What taxes do Ohioans pay?

Ohioans pay state-level income tax ranging from 0% to 3.99%, depending on their taxable incomes.

How much do you make after taxes in Ohio?

The take-home pay is $44,178.50 for a single filer who earns $54,000 annually.
A married couple will take home $87,733.84 after tax based on a combined annual income of $108,000.

How much taxes are deducted from a $54,000 paycheck in Ohio?

The total taxes deducted for a single filer are $818.46 monthly or $377.75 bi-weekly.